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Didactic Commentary: Vilnius 16th Century - Cultural Life

While performing the task, connected with the reconstruction of the Monarchs’ Palace in Vilnius, there will be less problems in Lithuania, where the mass media pays big attention to that question. Abroad, not knowing about the peripeteias of current discussions in Lithuania, it would be more difficult to discuss. Therefore, the discussion could be shifted to more general point by discussing the principles of reconstruction, repair and conservation of the old valuable buildings. It would deal not with the question if it is worth to reconstruct and renew, but with the question how much authentic should be kept during the renew of the valuable ancient buildings. For the old buildings are often are renewed with transgression of the elementary principles of conservation of the heritage, are modernized not considering their historical milieu. 

A table presented after the task with the arguments “for” and the arguments “against” at the meantime is little filled in, there are only a few arguments “Pros” and “Cons” presented. It is intended in the future to fill in the table more and to ease a practical realization of the debates in this way. 

The topic of the churches of St. Anne and Bernardines, also the questions connected with them, make opportunities not only for discussion of Gothic, its European features and local aspects, but thereby allows rising a question concerning the other oldest buildings extant in every town. 

With the M. Daukša’s thoughts on language, the presented questions allow relation of the material to the textbook topic of reformation and counter-reformation. It can be pointed that the clergy of various confessions  of 16th century was interested in appeal to the common folk in its native language. It allows explaining also the uprise of publishing of the religious literature in Lithuanian language. However, the thoughts of M. Daukša on the native language had also some further intentions. Those thoughts allow to understand better that the 19th  c. ideology of the movements of national revival, based on exaltation of language and history of their nation, could have the deeper historical roots and even ideological antecedents.



Keywords: Renaissance, humanistic ideas, multicultural, Sarbievius, Revival, Mathias Casimir Sarbievius, Northern Renaissance, Manufacture.